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AMD has released the X570 chipset way back in July 2019 to kickstart the 500-series chipsets. The X in the name stands for extreme and this chipset is AMD’s high-performance version for serious gamers who are looking to spend serious money for crème de la crème motherboards to support their high-performance setups.
X570 is a spiritual successor to X470 from the 400-series and it comes as a high-performance alternative to the more budget-friendly option B550 (B standing for Basic). X570 can also be considered a chipset with the largest range of supported CPUs as it supports two microarchitectures available at the moment (Zen+ and Zen 2) as well as the future Zen 3 architecture that is expected to be revealed sometime during this year. This means that X570 supports AMD Ryzen 2000, 3000, and probably Ryzen 4000 if AMD decides to keep their naming convention for future processors based on Zen 3.
So, X570 has one eye on the future and one eye in the past, trying to hold it all together. However, anyone looking to purchase a motherboard with the X570 chipset in 2020 would probably only be interested in the present and the future. Being the high-performance chipset, performance and features you receive are in the spotlight as something needs to justify its high price. Let’s see how X570 rises up to the challenge!
Let’s start with the chipset’s basic characteristics! The third generation of AMD Ryzen processors brought us PCIe 4.0 support, PCIe 4.0 NVMe drives, and support for Radeon RX 5000 series graphics cards. Intel has yet to release or even announce PCIe 4.0 support for their chipsets but they don’t appear to be in a hurry. While the impact of PCIe 4.0 on gaming might not be significant, many users will surely benefit from the doubled bit rate of 16 GT/s, which can, for instance, speed up the copying of large files and folders.
The X570 chipset will support up to 16 PCIe 4.0 lanes, up to 12 SATA 6 Gbps ports, up to 8 USB 3.2 Gen 2 ports, and 4x USB 2.0 ports. Note that no motherboard will offer all the upper limits on these specifications and you’ll have to settle with either more SATA ports or more PCIe 4.0 lanes. However, it’s definitely better to use the advantage PCIe 4.0 has to offer and pair this support with a high-speed PCIe Gen 4 SSD for lightning-fast write and read speeds.
It will support CPU overclocking and dual GPU configurations, as expected. Notably, the chipset’s TDP (Thermal Design Power) has grown significantly when compared to X470, B550, and B450, which were around 5 W. X570’s TDP stands at more than double, at 11 W, bringing into users’ attention just how to drive away all the generated heat. We’ll cover this topic later in the article!
X570 Motherboard List
|wdt_ID||Manufacturer||Model||Form||DIMM||M.2||SATAIII||PCIe x16||PCIe x4||PCIe x1||SLI||CFX||Wi-Fi||RGB|
|4||ASRock||X570 Extreme4 WiFi ax||ATX||4||2||8||2||0||3||No||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|8||ASRock||X570 Steel Legend WiFi ax||ATX||4||2||8||2||0||3||No||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|9||ASRock||X570 Steel Legend||ATX||4||2||8||2||0||3||No||Yes||No||Yes|
|10||ASRock||X570 Phantom Gaming X||ATX||4||3||8||3||0||2||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
Difference Between X570, B550, and X470
X570 belongs to the same 500-series of chipsets whereas X570 is considered as the heir to X470. Many people would argue that the differences in characteristics between these three chipsets are not as significant as the prices of motherboards. Let’s compare X570 to both of them and see how it stands out!
Difference Between X570 and B550
Well, the most important difference that B550, despite being a washed-down 500-series chipset, still hasn’t been released. In fact, it’s only scheduled to hit the shelves on June 16, almost a year after X570 was released. So, if X570 sounds too extreme or too expensive, stay patient!
X570 is actually the first consumer chipset with native PCIe 4.0 support for peripheral devices. B550 implemented the chipset-to-CPU uplink using PCIe 4.0 but its PCIe 4.0 lanes are not available as general-purpose lanes. Also, X570 features a significant number of USB 3.2 Gen 2 ports (8 in total) compared to only 2 in B550. It’s difficult to directly compare the number of PCIe lanes and SATA ports as the chipset specifies several cases. For example, one combination will provide more SATA ports and the other one will provide more PCIe lanes and you should choose your motherboard depending on the peripherals that will use these ports.
Difference Between X570 and X470
This comparison might be more interesting to hardcore gamers who currently own an X470 motherboard and who are looking to upgrade to X570 soon. The main thing to look at is what improvements have been made. Well, there are definitely significant changes. The PCIe interface used to connect with peripheral devices in X470 was PCIe 2.0 and now you have a sudden jump to 4.0 inside a generation. We’ve already mentioned the high number of SuperSpeed USB ports of X570.
The maximum supported DDR4 memory speed has jumped from 2933 MHz to 3200 MHz and we’ve mentioned the huge increase in TDP. Behind the scenes, X570 is also the first Ryzen chipset developed and made by AMD directly. Previous chipsets have been manufactured by ASMedia.
The X470 chipset was supposed to be put behind with the future release of Ryzen 4000 processors based on the Zen 3 architecture. However, AMD’s customers were mad about it and they managed to persuade AMD to change its mind and keep the support for one more generation. Since Ryzen 4000 CPUs will still use the AM4 CPU socket, everyone hoped that the new generation will keep the backward compatibility but that was not the case originally.
Now, you will be able to enjoy the future generation on either X570 or X470 but keep in mind that X570 was originally designed and developed with the future in mind, in contrast to X470.
Sudden TDP Increase
A 120% increase in TDP didn’t go unnoticed. For instance, the 9th generation of Intel Core i9 using 300-series chipsets, like the Z390 for example, have a TDP of 6 W. This means that all motherboards need to provide better chipset cooling. A simple heatsink won’t be enough and you should always look for a motherboard with an active cooling solution for the chipset.
TDP stands for Thermal Design Power and it represents the maximum amount of power dissipated by the component that the cooling system is able to absorb and dissipate without the component overheating. TDP doesn’t depend on the workload but it’s still far from the maximum power that can be generated by the chipset. It’s designed for real applications but, theoretically, you can go over the TDP and that’s when your additional cooling system needs to kick in and save the day.
ExtremeTech has run a benchmark test where they’ve taken a Ryzen 7 3700X CPU and tested it with two different motherboards: MSI X470 Gaming M7 AC and Asus X570 Crosshair VIII Hero (Wi-Fi). The results have shown that power consumption has noticeably lower with the X470 motherboard with the same CPU loads, implying that the X570 chipset itself leads to higher power consumption. Of course, it’s not just the chipset’s fault as the motherboards generally become more power-hungry as they are developed, with features like LED lighting, many onboard fans, etc.
What’s the Reason for High TDP?
When the chipset’s specifications were announced, everyone was pretty certain that the increased power consumption is somehow related to the inclusion of PCIe 4.0 and how lower consumption would bottleneck its speed somehow. However, a popular German YouTuber/mechatronics engineer Roman “der8auer” Hartung has decided to investigate the matter by experiment in this video.
When comparing X470 and X570 in terms of power consumption with no devices connected, a difference was immediately observable. A difference was also there when testing with Gen2/Gen3 NVMe devices connected. Also, the difference in power consumption of the X570 chipset with a PCIe 3.0 and a PCIe 4.0 drive connected was next to none, meaning that PCIe 4.0 is not the guilty party here.
The video didn’t provide an answer to the question at hand and it’s unlikely we’ll know the answer unless AMD decides to share some information. If motherboard manufacturers take note of this TDP value, you shouldn’t have much trouble since this TDP is still relatively insignificant when compared to the power dissipation by your GPU/CPU. It’s interesting to see a chipset that needs to be fan-cooled instead of using a simple heatsink.
How to Choose the Right Motherboard?
All motherboard manufacturers have already released all models they wanted when it comes to the X570 chipset and it’s easy to get overwhelmed with the sheer number of different models. Despite the chipset dictating the amount and the type of devices you can connect to your motherboard, manufacturers still have some freedom as they can add their own ports or controllers that won’t be controlled directly by the chipset.
Personal preferences should be taken into consideration but, if you’re looking to go with the X570 chipset, you probably won’t the best performance at a slightly higher cost than normal. Different variables can be taken into account and we’ll try to mention some of them.
If you think you’ll need to provide some extra storage capabilities, you can choose a motherboard that offers two blocks of 4x SATA ports for standard storage drives and go with 8 PCIe 4.0 lanes. On the other hand, you can go full PCIe 4.0 and buy NVMe Gen4 SSDs and utilize the full power of the 16 GT/s bit rate. However, we recommend you go with at least 4 SATA ports.
Not everyone has reserved an entire corner of their room for their gaming setup. That’s why motherboard manufacturers are offering several sizes: ATX, mini-ATX, and micro-ATX, from the largest to the smallest. Differences in performance between these three types of motherboards are not as significant as the differences in the number of ports/devices you can connect. Despite that X570 supports many ports, small-size motherboards simply don’t use this support to keep the motherboard’s size true to its type.
If you have a high-speed Internet connection at home, you certainly don’t want to bottleneck it with your motherboard. That’s why you should always pay attention to the maximum supported Ethernet speed. Besides that, many motherboard manufacturers implement different wireless controllers so make sure you check that out as well.